Road traffic injuries account for approximately 25% of the global injur causing deaths the main cause with estimated 1.2 million deaths 2004 each year.
Automobile accidents are almost as old as cars themselves. Early examples are Mary Ward who became one of the first deaths in death in 1869 in Parsonstown Ireland and Henry Bliss one of the United States first car crashes in 1899 in New York.
Automobile accident or car accident is an event in which a car collides with anything that causes damage to the car including other cars telephone rods buildings or trees or where the driver loses control of the vehicle and harms it in another way like driving into a ditch or roll over. Sometimes a car crash can also refer to a car that strikes a human or animal. Car accidents traffic accidents traffic accidents auto accidents traffic accidents personal injury motor vehicle accidents MVA kill about 1.2 million people worldwide every year and injure about forty this number WHO 2004. In the United Kingdom the Ministry of Transport publishes road deaths in each type of vehicle. These statistics are found as Risk of injury measured as a percentage of drivers injured in an accident with car crash. These statistics show a ten to a relationship between fatal accidents in the vehicle between the least safe and safest car models.
The statistics show needed that for popular lightweight cars passengers have a 8% risk of death in a car accident. eg BMW 3 Series 6% Subaru Impreza 8% Honda Accord 6%. Traditional safety cars like Volvo halve the chance Volvo 700 4% death Volvo 900 3%.
Toyota Land Cruiser SUV has a 6% occurrence of occupational death in actual crashes. However in a number of vehicle crashes SUVs are not very lethal than passenger cars.
Although rollover is much more common in older SUVs compared to passenger cars because of their weight. For this reason the SUV actually puts a greater threat to rollover and causes mortality rather than passenger cars. Newer SUVs like the Jeep Grand Cherokee SRT8 have a lower center of gravity and improved stability programs that significantly reduce the risk of rollover.
Overall the four best cars are in the Jaguar XJ Series 1% Mercede Benz Class SEC 1% Land Rover Defender 1% and Land Rover Discovery 1%.
Motorcyclist deaths in England and Wales account for 53% of annual road death statistics. Scooters mopeds up to 50cc account for only 3% of these deaths. 2% of scooter deaths were 1 and 19 year olds who had not taken CBT compulsory basic education. Statistics Retrieved from 2004 2005 DSA Annual Road Traffic Ratio
Automobile have many basic safety problems for example the human drivers who make mistakes wheels lose traction when the braking or pivoting forces are too high. Some vehicles have a high center of gravity and thus an increased tendency to roll over. When driving at high speeds collisions can cause serious or even fatal consequences.
Early security research focused on increasing the reliability of the brake and reducing the combustibility of fuel systems. For example modern engine compartments are open in the bottom so that dust pads heavier than air suck into the air. Brakes are hydraulic and double circuits so the shortcomings are slow leakage rather than abrupt cable breaks. Systematic research on crash safety started [reference needed] 1958 at Ford Motor Company. Since then most research has focused on absorbing external crash energy with crushable panels and reducing the movement of human bodies in the passenger compartment. This is reflected in most cars produced today.
Airbags a modern part of car safety
Significant reductions in death and injury have come from the addition of safety belts and laws in many countries to require the passenger of the vehicle to carry them. Airbags and specialized child safety systems have improved on it. Structural changes such as side support in the car doors and side panels mitigate the impact of bumps on the side of the vehicle. Many cars now contain radar or sonar detectors mounted on the back of the car to warn the driver if he or she is turning to an obstacle or pedestrian. Some vehicle manufacturers produce cars with devices that also measure proximity to obstacles and other vehicles in front of the car and use these to apply the brakes when a collision is inevitable. There has also been limited work on using heads up screens and thermal imaging technology similar to those used in military aircraft to give the driver a better view of the road at night.